High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Blood pressure is the pressure created by the heart as it pumps blood through the arteries and the circulatory system.

What blood pressure numbers mean

Normal Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure (hypertension)
What High Blood Pressure Does to the Body
High blood pressure puts you at a higher risk for the following:

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure usually has NO SYMPTOMS!! Because of this it is sometimes referred to as “The Silent Killer”.

How to tell if you might have high blood pressure:

Causes of High Blood Pressure
Blood pressure develops when certain nerve impulses cause arteries to become larger (dilate) or smaller (contract). If vessels are wide open blood flows easily. If vessels narrow pressure inside increases causing hypertension. The cause of vessels narrowing is unknown in 90 to 95% of cases. This is called Primary Hypertension. In 5 to 10% of cases, the cause of vessel narrowing comes from another condition. This is called Secondary Hypertension. Some common conditions that can cause secondary hypertension are:

Risk Factors of High Blood PressureRisk Factors You Can’t Control

Uncontrollable risk factors are inherent to you and cannot be changed. They include:

Risk Factors You Can Control
Controllable risk factors are lifestyle choices that increase the risk of high blood pressure. They include:

​Women and High Bood Pressure
Women are particularly at risk for hypertension due to the following:

What You Can Do to Reduce the Risk of Hypertension
High blood pressure is a lifelong disease. It can be controlled, but not cured. Controlling blood pressure will reduce the risk of stroke, heart attack, heart failure and kidney disease. The following lifestyle changes will help you reduce your risk:

The Ten Commandments for Blood Pressure Control

Medication for High Blood Pressure

​Blood Pressure Measurement
Blood pressure is measured using a sphygmomanometer. There are two numbers in a bood pressure reading.

In order to get an accurate measurement, the size of the blood pressure cuff should be appropriate.

American Heart Association Recommended Blood Pressure Levels

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Home Blood Pressure Monitoring
​Mercury sphygmomanometer

Aneroid equipment

Automatic equipment

Drs. Christiaan Janssens MBA
CRO Akwa Wellness

Sources and References:
Rowan,‎ Robert; Schrader, Constance, Control High Blood Pressure Without Drugs: A Complete Hypertension Handbook (2001).
James, Paul A.; Oparil, Suzanne; Carter, Barry L.; Cushman, William C.; Dennison-Himmelfarb, Cheryl; Handler, Joel; Lackland, Daniel T.; Lefevre, Michael L.; MacKenzie, Thomas D.; Ogedegbe, Olugbenga; Smith, Sidney C.; Svetkey, Laura P.; Taler, Sandra J.; Townsend, Raymond R.; Wright, Jackson T.; Narva, Andrew S.; Ortiz, Eduardo (18 December 2013). “2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults”. JAMA. 311 (5): 507–20.
Lackland, DT; Weber, MA (May 2015). “Global burden of cardiovascular disease and stroke: hypertension at the core”. The Canadian journal of cardiology. 31 (5): 569–71. Mendis, Shanthi; Puska, Pekka; Norrving, Bo (2011). Global atlas on cardiovascular disease prevention and control (PDF) (1st ed.). Geneva: World Health Organization in collaboration with the World Heart Federation and the World Stroke Organization. p. 38. ISBN 9789241564373. Hernandorena, I; Duron, E; Vidal, JS; Hanon, O (July 2017). “Treatment options and considerations for hypertensive patients to prevent dementia”. Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy (Review). 18 (10): 989–1000. Poulter, NR; Prabhakaran, D; Caulfield, M (22 August 2015). “Hypertension”. Lancet. 386 (9995): 801–12. doi:10.1016/s0140–6736(14)61468–9.Carretero OA, Oparil S; Oparil (January 2000). “Essential hypertension. Part I: definition and etiology”. Circulation. 101 (3): 329–35. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.101.3.329. “How Is High Blood Pressure Treated?”. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. 10 September 2015. Campbell, NR; Lackland, DT; Lisheng, L; Niebylski, ML; Nilsson, PM; Zhang, XH (March 2015). “Using the Global Burden of Disease study to assist development of nation-specific fact sheets to promote prevention and control of hypertension and reduction in dietary salt: a resource from the World Hypertension League”. Journal of clinical hypertension (Greenwich, Conn.). 17 (3): 165–67.Naish, Jeannette; Court, Denise Syndercombe (2014). Medical sciences (2 ed.). p. 562. ISBN 9780702052491. Lau, DH; Nattel, S; Kalman, JM; Sanders, P (August 2017). “Modifiable Risk Factors and Atrial Fibrillation”. Circulation (Review). 136 (6): 583–96. James, PA.; Oparil, S.; Carter, BL.; Cushman, WC.; Dennison-Himmelfarb, C.; Handler, J.; Lackland, DT.; Lefevre, ML.; et al. (Dec 2013). “2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults: Report From the Panel Members Appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8)”. JAMA. 311 (5): 507–20. Musini, VM; Tejani, AM; Bassett, K; Wright, JM (7 October 2009). “Pharmacotherapy for hypertension in the elderly”. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4): CD000028. Sundström, Johan; Arima, Hisatomi; Jackson, Rod; Turnbull, Fiona; Rahimi, Kazem; Chalmers, John; Woodward, Mark; Neal, Bruce (February 2015). “Effects of Blood Pressure Reduction in Mild Hypertension”. Annals of Internal Medicine. 162: 184–91. Xie, X; Atkins, E; Lv, J; Bennett, A; Neal, B; Ninomiya, T; Woodward, M; MacMahon, S; Turnbull, F; Hillis, GS; Chalmers, J; Mant, J; Salam, A; Rahimi, K; Perkovic, V; Rodgers, A (30 January 2016). “Effects of intensive blood pressure lowering on cardiovascular and renal outcomes: updated systematic review and meta-analysis”. Lancet. 387 (10017): 435–43Diao, D; Wright, JM; Cundiff, DK; Gueyffier, F (Aug 15, 2012). “Pharmacotherapy for mild hypertension”. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 8: CD006742. Garrison, SR; Kolber, MR; Korownyk, CS; McCracken, RK; Heran, BS; Allan, GM (8 August 2017). “Blood pressure targets for hypertension in older adults”. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Websites:

http://newsroom.cumc.columbia.edu/blog/2018/02/14/understanding-the-new-blood-pressure-treatment-guidelines/https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/159283.phphttps://www.health.harvard.edu/topics/blood-pressurehttps://www.healthyhorns.utexas.edu/HT/HT_highbloodpressure.html​http://www.acc.org/latest-in-cardiology/articles/2017/11/08/11/47/mon-5pm-bp-guideline-aha-2017

Originally published at quickhealthnotes.weebly.com.

Blog about Wellness and Beauty. You can check our website at https://www.akwa.be

Blog about Wellness and Beauty. You can check our website at https://www.akwa.be